Early history  The Republic  Education  Home

Monrovia, Capital of Liberia

Liberia’s capital is Monrovia, situated on the original colony of Cape Mesurado in Montserrado County. Holding more than a quarter of the country’s entire population, the metropolis easily is the most populous city. It was founded in 1822 and named Christopolis; two years later the name was changed to honor American President James Monroe, an ardent supporter of the movement for the African colonies. Being the first Liberian settlement for freed American black slaves, it easily won the title for the capital when the nation was established.

Try here for UK employers liability cover or public liability insurance cover

For nearly the first century of its existence as the country’s capital city, Monrovia was expressly divided into two parts: Monrovia proper, and Krutown. The dividing line sharply represented the political state of the country; the ruling class, made up of the predominant Americo-Liberians, resided in Monrovia. The native populations from the Kru, Bassas, and Grebos tribes- those that emigrated from the interior- lived in the poorer section of Krutown. During the depression era, the city saw an increased wave of immigration as the ethnic tribes from deeper inland flooded Monrovia in search of work. Later, the Liberian Civil War wreaked havoc, demolishing buildings and impacting thousands of lives negatively, most especially the young people, who were either left orphans by parents who were involved, were involved themselves, or were indirectly affected by being deprived of an education.

Historically and currently, Monrovia is not only the nation’s political capital, but also its center of economy. As a coastal city, it contains many harbors and inlets where ships can be built or safely stored in temporary anchorage or for repairs. Other industries such as fishing are also generated by the benefit of the coastal waters. Trade also makes up a portion of the economical infrastructure, as it is the main channel for exports and imports. Products from the interior such as iron ore and latex are routed through this city, while others are manufactured in the city itself. These include cement, food products, refined petroleum, furniture, chemicals, and more.

Copyright villageofbuchanan.org 2008